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Emily B. Levitan ScD

Lisle Hites Ph.D. Associate Professor
Department of Epidemiology
Ryals Public Health Building, 230K
1665 University Boulevard
Birmingham, AL 35294
Phone: (205) 975-7680
E-mail: elevitan@uab.edu
Full CV

Emily B. Levitan, ScD, FAHA, is Associate Professor in the Department of Epidemiology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Public Health. She earned a doctoral degree in epidemiology with a minor in biostatistics from the Harvard School of Public Health and completed further epidemiologic methods training as postdoctoral fellow at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, and the Karolinska Institute. Dr. Levitan joined the faculty of Department of Epidemiology at UAB in 2009 and was promoted to Associate Professor with tenure in 2014. At UAB, she holds appointments in the Center for AIDS Research, Comprehensive Center for Healthy Aging, the Nutrition Obesity Research Center, the Diabetes Research and Training Center, the Center for Outcomes and Effectiveness Research and Education, the Comprehensive Cardiovascular Center, and the Minority Health and Health Disparities Research Center. Dr. Levitan's research focuses on the epidemiology of coronary heart disease and heart failure using traditional epidemiologic study designs as well as analysis of administrative data. In addition, she collaborates broadly as a member of the methods and analytics core facilities of the UAB Center for Clinical and Translational Science and the UAB Center for AIDS Research. She has published over 150 peer-reviewed scientific articles. Dr. Levitan has a strong commitment to teaching and mentoring. She has taught methods courses and lectures for graduate students in the School of Public Health and across UAB. She has formally and informally mentored masters students, PhD students, post-doctoral fellows, and junior faculty in the Department of Epidemiology and other departments at UAB.

Publications

  1. Levitan EB, Song Y, Ford ES, Liu S. Is nondiabetic hyperglycemia a risk factor for cardiovascular disease? A meta-analysis of prospective studies. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164(19):2147-55.
  2. Levitan EB, Ridker PM, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Buring JE, Cook NR, Liu S. Association between consumption of beer, wine, and liquor and plasma concentration of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in women aged 39 to 89 years. Am J Cardiol. 2005;96(1):83-8.
  3. Song Y, He K, Levitan EB, Manson JE, Liu S. Effects of oral magnesium supplementation on glycaemic control in Type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis of randomized double-blind controlled trials. Diabet Med. 2006;23(10):1050-6.
  4. Levitan EB, Westgren CW, Liu S, Wolk A. Reproducibility and validity of dietary glycemic index, dietary glycemic load, and total carbohydrate intake in 141 Swedish men. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007;85(2):548-53.
  5. Levitan EB, Mittleman MA, Håkansson N, Wolk A. Dietary glycemic index, dietary glycemic load, and cardiovascular disease in middle-aged and older Swedish men. Am J Clin Nutr. 2007;85(6):1521-6.
  6. Garud S, Brown A, Cheifetz A, Levitan EB, Kelly CP. Meta-analysis of the placebo response in ulcerative colitis. Dig Dis Sci. 2008;53(4):875-91.
  7. Levitan EB, Liu S, Stampfer MJ, Cook NR, Rexrode KM, Ridker PM, Buring JE, Manson JE. HbA(1c) measured in stored erythrocytes and mortality rate among middle-aged and older women. Diabetologia. 2008;51(2):267-75. PMCID: PMC2757266.
  8. Oken E, Levitan EB, Gillman MW. Maternal smoking during pregnancy and child overweight: systematic review and meta-analysis. Int J Obes (Lond). 2008;32(2):201-10. PMCID: PMC2586944.
  9. Levitan EB, Cook NR, Stampfer MJ, Ridker PM, Rexrode KM, Buring JE, Manson JE, Liu S. Dietary glycemic index, dietary glycemic load, blood lipids, and C-reactive protein. Metabolism. 2008;57(3):437-43. PMCID: PMC2262400.
  10. Aslibekyan S, Levitan EB, Mittleman MA. Prevalent cocaine use and myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol. 2008;102(8):966-9. PMCID: PMC2575126.
  11. Levitan EB, Mittleman MA, Wolk A. Dietary glycemic index, dietary glycemic load and mortality among men with established cardiovascular disease. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2009;63(4):552-7.
  12. Savitz SI, Levitan EB, Wears R, Edlow JA. Pooled analysis of patients with thunderclap headache evaluated by CT and LP: is angiography necessary in patients with negative evaluations? J Neurol Sci. 2009;276(1-2):123-125. PMCID: PMC2626143.
  13. Levitan EB, Wolk A, Mittleman MA. Consistency with the DASH diet and incidence of heart failure. Arch Intern Med. 2009;169(9):851-857. PMCID: PMC2682222.
  14. Morissette MR, Stricker JC, Rosenberg M, Buranasombati C, Levitan EB, Mittleman MA, Rosenzweig A. Effects of myostatin deletion in aging mice. Aging Cell. 2009;8(5):573-83. PMCID: PMC2764272.
  15. Govig B, de Souza R, Levitan EB, Crookston D, Kestens Y, Mendivil CO,  Mittleman MA. The Eating Assessment Table—an evidence-based nutrition tool for clinicians. Crit Pathw Cardiol. 2009;8(2):55-62.
  16. Levitan EB, Yang AZ, Wolk A, Mittleman MA. Adiposity and incidence of heart failure hospitalization and mortality: a population-based prospective study. Circ Heart Fail. 2009;2(3):202-208. PMCID: PMC2732194.
  17. Levitan EB, Wolk A, Mittleman MA. Fish consumption, marine omega-3 fatty  acids, and incidence of heart failure: a population-based prospective study of middle-aged and elderly men. Eur Heart J. 2009;30(12):1495-500. PMCID: PMC2695952.
  18. Mostofsky E, Wellenius GA, Noheria A, Levitan EB, Burger MR, Schlaug G, Mittleman MA. Renal function predicts survival in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2009;28(1):88-94. PMCID: PMC2700844.
  19. Levitan EB, Wolk A, Mittleman MA. Relation of consistency with the dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet and incidence of heart failure in men aged 45 to 79 years. Am J Cardiol. 2009;104(10):1416-20. PMCID: PMC2774905.
  20. Ahmed HN*, Levitan EB*, Wolk A, Mittleman MA. Coffee consumption and risk of heart failure in men: an analysis from the Cohort of Swedish Men. Am Heart J. 2009;158(4):667-72. PMCID: PMC2754877. *Equal contributions
  21. Levitan EB, Mittleman MA, Wolk A. Dietary glycaemic index, dietary glycaemic load and incidence of myocardial infarction in women. Br J Nutr. 2010;103(7):1049-55. PMCID: PMC2851847.
  22. Levitan EB, Mittleman MA, Wolk A. Dietary glycemic index, dietary glycemic load, and incidence of heart failure events: a prospective study of middle-aged and elderly women. J Am Coll Nutr. 2010;29:65-71. PMCID: PMC2898730.
  23. Kaluza J, Orsini N, Levitan EB, Brzozowska A, Roszkowski W, Wolk A. Dietary calcium and magnesium intake and mortality: a prospective study of men. Am J Epidemiol. 2010;171(7):801-7.
  24. Levitan EB, Wolk A, Mittleman MA. Fatty fish, marine omega-3 fatty acids, and incidence of heart failure. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010;64(6):587-94. PMCID: PMC2880209.
  25. Mostofsky E, Levitan EB, Wolk A, Mittleman MA. Chocolate intake and incidence of heart failure: a population-based prospective study of middle-aged and elderly women. Circ Heart Fail. 2010;3(5):612-6. PMCID: PMC3052999.
  26. Rautiainen S, Åkesson A, Levitan EB, Morgenstern R, Mittleman MA, Wolk A. Multivitamin use and the risk of myocardial infarction—a population-based cohort of Swedish women. Am J Clin Nutr. 2010;92(5):1251-6.
  27. Carson AP, Fox CS, McGuire DK, Levitan EB, Laclaustra M, Mann DM, Muntner P. Low hemoglobin A1c and risk of all-cause mortality among U.S. adults without diabetes. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2010;3(6):661-667.
  28. Mujib M, Desai R, Levitan EB, Howard V, Howard G, McGwin G, Ahmed A. Prospective population studies of incident heart failure without data on baseline left ventricular ejection fraction. Arch Med Sci. 2010;6(5):686-688. PMCID: PMC3298335.
  29. Orlando C, Levitan EB, Mittleman MA, Steele RJ, Shrier I. The effect of rest days on injury rates. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2011;21(6):e64-71.
  30. Mostofsky E, Laier E, Levitan EB, Rosamond W, Schlaug G, Mittleman, MA. Physical activity and acute ischemic stroke onset: the Stroke Onset Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2011;3(5):612-6.
  31. Koralkar R, Ambalavanan N, Levitan EB, McGwin G, Goldstein SL, Askenazi DJ. Acute kidney injury reduces survival in very low birth weight infant. Pediatr Res. 2011;69(4):354-358.
  32. Muntner P, Woodward M, Carson AP, Judd SE, Levitan EB, Mann D, McClellan W, Warnock DG. Development and validation of a self-assessment tool for albuminuria: results from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. Am J Kidney Dis. 2011;58(2):196-205. PMCID: PMC3144301.
  33. Carson AP, Howard G, Burke GL, Shea S, Levitan EB, Muntner P. Ethnic differences in hypertension incidence among middle-aged and older U. S. adults: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Hypertension. 2011;57(6):1101-7. PMCID: PMC3106342.
  34. Levitan EB, Mujib M, Feller MA, Jones LG, Sawyer P, Anker SD, Ahmed A. Self-reported teenage body size and heart failure in adults ≥ 65 years of age. Int J Cardiol. 2011;149(3):401-2. PMCID: PMC3110576.
  35. Askenazi DJ, Koralkar R, Levitan EB, Goldstein SL, Devarajan P, Khandrika S, Mehta RL. Baseline values of candidate urine acute kidney injury (AKI) biomarkers vary by gestational age in premature infants. Pediatr Res. 2011;70(3):302-6. PMCID: PMC3152663.
  36. Levitan EB*, Ahmed HN*, Mittleman MA, Wolk A. Coffee consumption and incidence of heart failure in women. Circ Heart Fail. 2011; 4:414-418. *Equal contributions
  37. Muntner P, Joyce C, Levitan EB, Holt E, Shimbo D, Webber L, Oparil S, Re R, Krousel-Wood M. Reproducibility of visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure measured as part of routine clinical care. J Hypertens. 2011;29:2332-8. PMC in progress.
  38. Blackburn J, Levitan EB, MacLennan P, Owsley C, McGwin G. A case-crossover study of risk factors for occupational eye injuries. J Occup Environ Med. 2012;54(1):42-7.
  39. Inker LA, Tonelli M, Hemmelgarn BR, Levitan EB, Muntner P. Comparison of concurrent complications of chronic kidney disease by two risk categorization systems. Am J Kidney Dis. 2012;59(3):372-81. PMCID: PMC3288542.
  40. Rizk D, Gutierrez O, Levitan EB, McClellan WM, Safford M, Soliman EZ, Warnock DG, Muntner P. Prevalence and prognosis of unrecognized myocardial infarctions in chronic kidney disease. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2012;27(9):3482-8. PMCID: PMC3433770.
  41. Muntner P, Levitan EB, Reynolds K, Mann DM, Tonelli M, Oparil S, Shimbo D. Within-visit variability of blood pressure and all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among US adults. J Clin Hypertens. 2012;14(3):165-71.
  42. Whang W, Shimbo D, Levitan EB, Newman JD, Rautaharju PM, Davidson KW, Muntner P. Relations between QRS|T angle, cardiac risk factors, and mortality in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). Am J Cardiol. 2012;109(7):981-7. PMCID: PMC3313000.
  43. Levitan EB, Wolk A, Håkansson N, Mittleman MA. Alpha-linolenic acid, linoleic acid, and heart failure in women. Br J Nutr. 2012;108:1300-1306.
  44. Kravchenko J, Akushevich I, Sudenga SL, Wilson CM, Levitan EB, Shrestha S. Transitional probability-based models for HPV clearance in HIV-1-postive adolescent females. PLoS ONE. 2012; 7(1): e30736. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0030736.  PMCID: PMC3265500.
  45. Blackburn J, Levitan EB, MacLennan P, Owsley C, McGwin G, Jr. The epidemiology of chemical eye injuries. Curr Eye Res. 2012;37(9):787-93.
  46. Mostofsky E, Rice MS, Levitan EB, Mittleman MA. Habitual coffee consumption and risk of heart failure: a dose-response meta-analysis. Circ Heart Fail. 2012;5(4):401-5. PMCID: PMC3425948.
  47. Levitan EB, Kaciroti N, Oparil S, Julius, S, Muntner P. Blood pressure measurement device, number and timing of visits and intra-individual visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure. J Clin Hypertens. 2012;4(11):744-750.
  48. Blackburn JL, Levitan EB, MacLennan PA, Owsley C, McGwin G Jr. Changes in eye protection behavior following an occupational eye injury. Workplace Health Saf. 2012;60(9):393-401.
  49. Rautianen S, Levitan EB, Orsini N, Akesson A, Morgenstern R, Mittleman MA, Wolk A. Total antioxidant capacity of diet and risk of myocardial infarction: a prospective cohort of women. Am J Med. 2012;125(10):974-80.
  50. Nguyen HT, Bertoni AG, Nettleton JA, Bluemke DA, Levitan EB, Burke GL. DASH eating pattern is associated with favorable left ventricular function in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. J Am Coll Nutr. 2012;31(6):401-407.
  51. Levitan EB, Shikany JM, Ahmed A, Snetselaar LG, Martin LW, Curb JD, Lewis CE. Calcium, magnesium, and potassium intake and mortality in women with heart failure: The Women's Health Initiative. Br J Nutr. 2013;110:179-185.
  52. Muntner P, Levitan EB, Joyce C, Holt E, Mann D, Oparil S, Krousel-Wood M. Association between antihypertensive medication adherence and visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure. J Clin Hypertens. 2013;15(2):112-7. PMCID: PMC3659162 .
  53. Shimbo D, Levitan EB, Booth JN, Calhoun DA, Lackland DT, Safford MM, Oparil S, Muntner P. The contributions of unhealthy lifestyle factors to apparent resistant hypertension: findings from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. J Hypertens. 2013;31(2):370-376. PMC in progress.
  54. Judd SE, Aaron KJ, Letter AJ, Muntner P, Jenny NS, Campbell RC, Kabagambe EK, Levitan EB, Levine DA, Shikany JM, Safford M, Lackland DT. High sodium-to-potassium intake ratio increases risk for all-cause mortality: the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. J Nutr Sci. (in press) PMC in progress.
  55. Levitan EB, Gamboa C, Safford MM, Rizk DV, Brown TM, Soliman EZ, Muntner P. Cardioprotective medication use and risk factor control among US adults with unrecognized myocardial infarction: The REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2013;9:47-55. PMCID: PMC3569379.
  56. Krousel-Wood M, Joyce C, Holt EW, Levitan EB, Dornelles A, Webber LS, Muntner P. Development and evaluation of a self-report tool predicting low pharmacy refill adherence in elderly patients with uncontrolled hypertension. Pharmacotherapy.  2013;33(8):798-811. PMCID: PMC3729884.
  57. Rautiainen S, Levitan EB, Mittleman MA, Wolk A. Total antioxidant capacity of diet and risk of heart failure: a population-based prospective cohort of women. Am J Med.  2013;126(6):494-500.
  58. Levitan EB, Kaciroti N, Julius S, Oparil S, Muntner P. Relationships between metrics of visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure. J Hum Hypertens. 2013;27(10):589-93.
  59. Muntner P, Levitan EB, Brown TM, Sharma P, Zhao H, Bittner V, Glasser S, Kilgore M, Yun H, Woolley M, Farkouh ME, Rosenson, RS. Trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of high LDL-cholesterol among US adults from 1999-2000 through 2009-2010. Am J Cardiol. 2013;112(5):664-70.  PMCID: PMC376910.
  60. Levitan EB, Safford MM, Kilgore ML, Soliman EZ, Glasser SP, Judd SE, Muntner P. Assessment tools for unrecognized myocardial infarction: a cross-sectional analysis of the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke population. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2013; 13:23. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2261-13-23. PMCID: PMC3617994.
  61. Vogtmann E, Levitan EB, Hale L, Shikany JM, Shah N, Endeshaw Y, Lewis CE, Manson JE, Chlebowski C. Association between sleep and breast cancer incidence among post-menopausal women in the Women’s Health Initiative. Sleep. 2013;36(10):1437-1444. PMCID: PMC3773193.
  62. Baber U, Gutierrez OM, Levitan EB, Warnock DG, Farkouh M, Tonelli M, Safford MM, Muntner P. Risk for recurrent coronary heart disease and all-cause mortality among individuals with chronic kidney disease compared with diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, and cigarette smokers. Am Heart J. 2013;166(2):373-380.
  63. Vogtmann E, Xiang YB, Li HL, Levitan EB, Yang G, Waterbor JW, Gao J, Cai H, Xie L, Wu QJ, Zhang B, Gao YT, Zheng W, Shu XO. Fruit and vegetable intake and the risk of colorectal cancer: results from the Shanghai Men's Health Study. Cancer Causes Control. 2013;24(11):1935-45. PMCID: PMC380577.
  64. Levitan EB, Lewis CE, Tinker LF, Eaton CB, Ahmed A, Manson JE, Snetselaar LG, Martin LW, Trevisan M, Howard BV, Shikany JM. Mediterranean and DASH diet scores and mortality in women with heart failure: The Women’s Health Initiative. Circ Heart Fail. 2013; 6(6):1116-1123.
  65. Vogtmann E, Xiang Y-B, Li H-L, Cai Q, Wu Q-J, Xie L, Li G-L, Yang G, Waterbor JW, Levitan EB, Zhang B, Zheng W, Shu XO. Cruciferous vegetables, glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms and the risk of colorectal cancer among Chinese men. Ann Epidemiol. 2014;24(1):44-9. PMCID: PMC3864981.
  66. Ye S, Wang YC, Shimbo D, Newman JD, Levitan EB, Muntner P. Effect of change in systolic blood pressure between clinic visits on estimated 10-year
    cardiovascular disease risk. J Am Soc Hypertens. 2014;8(3):159-65. PMCID: PMC3959282.
  67. Diaz KM, Muntner P, Levitan EB, Brown MD, Babbitt DM, Shimbo D. The effects of weight loss and salt reduction on visit-to-visit blood pressure variability: results from a multicenter randomized controlled trial. J Hypertens. 2014;32(4):840-8. PMCID: PMC4024203.
  68. Muntner P, Colantonio LD, Cushman M, Goff DG, Howard G, Howard VJ, Kissela B, Levitan EB, Lloyd-Jones DM, Safford MM. Validation of the Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Pooled Cohort Risk Equations. JAMA. 2014;311(14):1406-15. PMCID: PMC4189930.
  69. Griffin RL, Davis GG, Levitan EB, Maclennan PA, Redden DT, McGwin G. The effect of trauma care on the temporal distribution of homicide mortality in Jefferson County, Alabama. Am Surg. 2014;80(3):253-60.
  70. Griffin RL, Davis GG, Levitan EB, Maclennan PA, Redden DT, McGwin G Jr. The effect of previous traumatic injury on homicide risk. J Forensic Sci. 2014;59(4):986-90.
  71. Muntner P, Levitan EB, Lynch AI, Simpson LM, Whittle J, Davis BR, Kostis J, Whelton PK, Oparil S. Effect of chlorthalidone, amlodipine and lisinopril on visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure: Results from the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT). J Clin Hypertens. 2014;16(5):323-30.
  72. Levitan EB, Tanner RM, Zhao H, Muntner P, Thacker EL, Howard G, Glasser SP, Bittner V, Farkouh ME, Rosenson RS, Safford MM. Secular changes in rates of coronary heart disease, fatal coronary heart disease, and out-of-hospital fatal coronary heart disease. Int J Cardiol. 2014; 174(2):436-439. PMCID: PMC4059018.
  73. Thacker EL. Muntner P, Zhao H, Safford MM, Curtis JC, Delzell E, Bittner V, Brown TM, Levitan EB. Claims-based algorithms for identifying Medicare beneficiaries at high estimated risk for coronary heart disease events: a cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res. 2014;14(1):195. PMCID: PMC4101858.
  74. Shrier I, Raglin JS, Levitan EB, Mittleman MA, Steele RJ, Powell J. Procedures for assessing psychological predictors of injuries in circus artists: a pilot prospective study. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2014;14(1):77. PMCID: PMC4064279.
  75. Harris JB, Siyambango M, Levitan EB, Maggard KR, Hatwiinda S, Foster EM, Chamot E, Kaunda K, Chileshe C, Henostroza G, Reid SE. Derivation of a tuberculosis screening rule for sub-Saharan African prisons. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2014;18(7):774-80.
  76. Booth JN, Levitan EB, Brown TM, Farkouh ME, Safford MM, Muntner P. Effect of sustaining lifestyle modifications (nonsmoking, weight reduction, physical activity, and mediterranean diet) after healing of myocardial infarction, percutaneous intervention, or coronary bypass (from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study). Am J Cardiol. 2014; 113(12):1933-40.
  77. Gamboa CM, Safford MM, Levitan EB, Mann DM, Yun H, Glasser SP, Woolley JM, Rosenson R, Farkouh M, Muntner P. Statin underuse and low prevalence of LDL-C control among U.S. adults at high risk of coronary heart disease. Am J Med Sci. 2014;348(2):108-14.
  78. Carson AP, Tanner RM, Yun H, Glasser SP, Woolley JM, Thacker EL, Levitan EB, Farkouh ME, Rosenson RS, Brown TM, Howard G, Safford MM, Muntner P. Declines in coronary heart disease incidence and mortality among middle-aged adults with and without diabetes. Ann Epidemiol. 2014;24(8):581-7.
  79. Muntner P, Yun H, Sharma P, Delzell E, Kent ST, Kilgore ML, Farkouh ME, Vupputuri S, Bittner V, Rosenson RS, Levitan EB, Safford MM. Ability of low antihypertensive medication adherence to predict statin discontinuation and low statin adherence in patients initiating treatment after a coronary event. Am J Cardiol. 2014;114(6):826-31.
  80. Diaz KM, Tanner RM, Falzon L, Levitan EB, Reynolds K, Shimbo D, Muntner P. Visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure and cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Hypertension. 2014;64(5):965-82.
  81. Buys DR, Howard VJ, McClure LA, Buys KC, Sawyer P, Allman R, Levitan EB. Neighborhood disadvantage is associated with hypertension prevalence and control in older adults: results from the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Study of Aging. Am J Public Health. 2015;105(6):1181-8.
  82. Yun H, Xie F, Delzell E, Chen L, Levitan EB, Lewis JD, Saag KG, Beukelman T, Winthrop, K, Baddley JW, Curtis JR. Risk of hospitalised infection in rheumatoid arthritis patients receiving biologics following a previous infection while on treatment with anti-TNF therapy. Ann Rheum Dis. 2015;74(6):1065-71.
  83. Wang HE. Donnelly JP, Shapiro NI, Hohmann SF, Levitan EB. Hospital variations in severe sepsis mortality. Am J Med Qual. 2015;30(4):328-36.
  84. Vogtmann E, Yang G, Li HL, Wang J, Han LH, Wu QJ, Xie L, Cai Q, Li GL, Waterbor JW, Levitan EB, Zhang B, Gao YT, Zheng W, Xiang YB, Shu XO. Correlates of self-reported dietary cruciferous vegetable intake and urinary isothiocyanate from two cohorts in China. Public Health Nutr. 2015;18(7):1237-44.
  85. Yun H, Xie F, Delzell E, Chen L, Levitan EB, Lewis JD, Saag KG, Beukelman T, Winthrop K, Baddley JW, Curtis JR. Risks of herpes zoster in patients with rheumatoid arthritis according to biologic disease modifying therapy. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2015;65(3):270-7.
  86. Rautiainen S, Levitan EB, Mittleman MA, Wolk A. Fruit and vegetable intake and rate of heart failure: a population-based prospective cohort of women. Eur J Heart Fail. 2015;17(1):20-6. 
  87. Rosenson RS, Kent ST, Brown TM, Farkouh ME, Levitan EB, Yun H, Sharma P, Safford MM, Kilgore M, Muntner P, Bittner V. Underutilization of high intensity statin therapy following hospitalization for coronary heart disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015;65(3):270-7.
  88. Yun H, Safford MM, Brown TM, Farkouh ME, Kent S, Sharma P, Kilgore M, Bittner V, Rosenson RS, Delzell E, Muntner P, Levitan EB. Statin use among Medicare beneficiaries following hospitalization with a secondary discharge diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015;4:e001208. DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.114.001208
  89. Dorans KS, Mostofsky E, Levitan EB, Håkansson N, Wolk A, Mittleman MA. Alcohol and incidence of heart failure among middle-aged and elderly men: the Cohort of Swedish Men. Circ Heart Fail. 2015;8:422-427.
  90. Levitan EB, Olubowale OT, Gamboa CM, Rhodes JD, Brown TM, Muntner P, Deng L, Safford MM. Characteristics and prognosis of acute myocardial infarction by discharge diagnosis: the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke study. Ann Epidemiol. 2015;25:499-504. 
  91. Muntner P, Whittle J, Lynch AI, Colantonio LD, Simpson LM, Einhorn PT, Levitan EB, Whelton PK, Cushman WC, Louis GT, Davis BR, Oparil S. Visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure and coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure and mortality: A cohort study. Ann Intern Med. 2015; 163(5):329-38.
  92. Brown TM, Deng L, Becker DJ, Bittner V, Levitan EB, Rosenson RS, Safford MM, Muntner P. Trends in mortality and recurrent coronary heart disease events following an acute myocardial infarction among Medicare beneficiaries, 2001 – 2009. Am Heart J. 2015;170(2):249-255.
  93. Kent S, Kilpatrick R, Kilgore ML, Levitan EB, Safford MM, Zhao H, Curtis JR, Muntner P. Optimal use of available claims to identify a Medicare population free of coronary heart disease. Am J Epidemiol. 2015;182(9):808-19.
  94. Boehme AK, Pamboukian SV, George JF, Dillon C, Levitan EB, Griffin R, Beasley TM, McGwin G Jr, Kirklin JK, Limdi NA. Predictors of Thromboembolic Events in Patients with Ventricular Assist Device. ASAIO J. 2015;61(6):640-7.
  95. Colantonio LD, Bittner V, Reynolds K, Levitan EB, Rosenson RS, Banach M, Kent ST, Derose SF, Zhou H, Safford MM, Muntner P. Association of serum lipids and coronary heart disease in contemporary observational studies. Circulation. 2016;133(3):256-64
  96. Yun H, Xie F, Delzell E, Levitan EB, Chen L, Lewis JD, Saag KG, Beukelman T, Winthrop KL, Baddley JW, Curtis JR. Comparative risk of hospitalized infection associated with biological agents among Medicare rheumatoid arthritis patients. Arthritis Rheumatol. 2016;68(1):56-66.
  97. Huisingh C, Levitan EB, Irvin MR, Owsley C and McGwin Jr G. Driving with pets and motor vehicle collision involvement among older drivers: A prospective population-based study. Accid Anal Prev. 2016;88:169-174.
  98. Cespedes EM, Hu FB, Tinker L, Rosner B, Redline S, Garcia L, Hingle M, Van Horn L, Howard BV, Levitan EB, Li W, Manson JE, Phillips LS, Rhee JJ, Waring ME, Neuhouser ML. Multiple healthful dietary patterns and type 2 diabetes in the Women's Health Initiative. Am J Epidemiol. 2016;183(7):622-33.
  99. Shimbo D, Bowling CB, Levitan EB, Deng L, Sim JJ, Huang L, Reynolds K, Muntner P. Short-term risk of serious fall injuries in older adults initiating and intensifying treatment with antihypertensive medication. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2016;9(3):222-9.
  100. Singleton CR, Baskin M, Levitan EB, Sen B, Affuso E, Affuso O. Farm-to-consumer retail outlet use, fruit and vegetable intake, and obesity status among WIC program participants in Alabama. Am J Health Behav. 2016;40(4):446-54.
  101. Levitan EB, Muntner P, Chen L, Deng L, Kilgore ML, Becker D, Glasser SP, Safford MM, Howard G, Kilpatrick R, Rosenson RS. Burden of coronary heart disease rehospitalizations following acute myocardial infarction in older adults. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2016; 30(2):323-31.
  102. Kamel H, Kleindorfer DO, Bhave PD, Cushman M, Levitan EB, Howard G, Soliman EZ. Rates of atrial fibrillation in black versus white patients with pacemakers. J Am Heart Assoc. 2016;5(2). pii: e002492. DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.115.002492.
  103. Wang HE, Donnelly JP, Griffin R, Levitan EB, Shapiro NI, Howard G, Safford MM. Derivation of novel risk prediction scores for community-acquired sepsis and severe sepsis. Crit Care Med. 2016; 44(7):1285-94.
  104. Loop MS, Van Dyke MK, Chen L, Brown TM, Durant RW, Safford MM, Levitan EB. Comparison of length of stay, 30-day mortality, and 30-day readmission rates in Medicare patients with heart failure and with reduced versus preserved ejection fraction. Am J Cardiol. 2016; 118(1):79-85.
  105. Zhang J, Xie F, Yun H, Chen L, Muntner P, Levitan EB, Safford MM, Kent ST, Osterman MT, Lewis JD, Saag K, Singh JA, Curtis JR. Comparative effects of biologics on cardiovascular risk among older patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Ann Rheum Dis. 2016; DOI: 10.1136/annrheumdis-2015-207870.
  106. Huisingh C, Levitan EB, Sawyer P, Kennedy R, Brown C, McGwin G. Impact of driving cessation on trajectories of life-space scores among community-dwelling older adults. J Appl Gerontol. 2016; DOI: 10.1177/0733464816630637.
  107. Levitan EB, Ahmed A, Arnett DK, Polak JF, Hundley WG, Bluemke DA, Heckbert SR, Jacobs DR, Nettleton JA. Mediterranean diet score and left ventricular structure and function: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Am J Clin Nutr. 2016;104(3):595-602.
  108. Levitan EB, Graham LA, Valle JA, Richman JS, Hollis R, Holcomb CN, Maddox TM, Hawn MT. Pre-operative echocardiography among patients with coronary artery disease in the United States Veterans Affairs healthcare system: A retrospective cohort study. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2016; DOI: 10.1186/s12872-016-0357-5.
  109. Mondesir FL, Brown TM, Muntner P, Durant RW, Carson AP, Safford MM, Levitan EB. Diabetes, diabetes severity and coronary heart disease risk equivalence: REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS). Am Heart J. 2016; 181:43-51.
  110. Xie F, Colantonio LD, Curtis JR, Safford MM, Levitan EB, Howard G, Muntner P. Linkage of a population-based cohort with primary data collection to Medicare claims: The Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. Am J Epidemiol. 2016;184(7):532-544.
  111. Guirgis FW, Donnelly JP, Dodani S, Howard G, Safford MM, Levitan EB, Wang HE. Cholesterol levels and long-term rates of community-acquired sepsis. Crit Care. 2016;20(1):408.
  112. Singleton CR, Baskin M, Levitan EB, Sen B, Affuso E, Affuso O. Perceived barriers and facilitators of farm-to-consumer retail outlet use among participants of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in Alabama. J Hunger Environ Nutr. 2017;12(2):237-250.
  113. Steinhaus D, Mostofsky E, Levitan EB, Dorans KS, Håkansson N, Wolk A, Mittleman MA. Chocolate intake and incidence of heart failure: findings from the Cohort of Swedish Men. Am Heart J. 2017;183:18-23.
  114. Loop MS, Howard G, de Los Campos G, Al-Hamdan MZ, Safford MM, Levitan EB, McClure LA. Heat maps of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and smoking in the continental United States. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2017;10(1). pii: e003350. doi: 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.116.003350.
  115. Mefford M, Safford MM, Muntner P, Durant RW, Brown TM, Levitan EB. Insurance, self-reported medication adherence and LDL cholesterol: The REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study. Int J Cardiol. 2017;236:462-465.
  116. Wang HE, Moore JX, Donnelly JP, Levitan EB, Safford MM. Risk of Acute Coronary Heart Disease After Sepsis Hospitalization in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Cohort. Clin Infect Dis. 2017. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix248.
  117. Olubowale OT, Safford MM, Brown TM, Durant RW, Howard VJ, Gamboa C. Glasser SP, Rhodes JD, Levitan EB. Comparison of expert adjudicated coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease mortality with the National Death Index: Results from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017. DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.116.004966
  118. Huisingh C, Levitan EB, Irvin MR, MacLennan P, Wadley V, Owsley C. Visual sensory and visual-cognitive function and rate of crash and near-crash involvement among older drivers using naturalistic driving data. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2017; 58(7):2959-2967.
  119. Boehme AK, Pamboukian SV, George JF, Beasley TM, Kirklin JK, Tallaj J, Dillon C, Levitan EB, Griffin R, McGwin G, Hillegass WB, Limdi NA. Anticoagulation control in patients with ventricular assist devices. ASAIO J. 2017. DOI: 10.1097/MAT.0000000000000592
  120. Colantonio LD, Gamboa CM, Richman JS, Levitan EB, Soliman EZ, Howard G, Safford MM. Black-White Differences in Incident Fatal, Nonfatal and Total Coronary Heart Disease. Circulation. 2017;136:152-166.
  121. Kent ST, Rosenson RS, Avery CL, Chen YI, Correa A, Cummings SR, Cupples LA, Cushman M, Evans DS, Gudnason V, Harris TB, Howard G, Irvin MR, Judd SE, Jukema JW, Lange L, Levitan EB, Li X, Liu Y, Post WS, Postmus I, Psaty BM, Rotter JI, Safford MM, Sitlani CM, Smith AV, Stewart JD, Trompet S, Sun F, Vasan RS, Woolley JM, Whitsel EA, Wiggins KL, Wilson JG, Muntner P. PCSK9 Loss-of-Function Variants, Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke: Data From 9 Studies of Blacks and Whites. Circ Cardiovasc Genet. 2017;10(4):e001632. DOI: 10.1161/CIRCGENETICS.116.001632.
  122. Levitan EB, Van Dyke MK, Chen L, Durant RW, Brown TM, Rhodes JD, Olubowale O, Adegbala OM, Kilgore ML, Blackburn J, Albright KC, Safford MM. Medical therapy following hospitalization for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and association with discharge to long-term care: a cross-sectional analysis of the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) population. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2017; 17(1): 249. DOI: 10.1186/s12872-017-0682-3.
  123. Booth JN, Colantonio LD, Chen L, Rosenson RS, Monda KL, Safford MM, Kilgore ML, Brown TM, Taylor B, Dent R, Muntner P, Levitan EB. Statin discontinuation, re-initiation, and persistence patterns among Medicare beneficiaries following myocardial infarction: a cohort study. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2017;10:e003626; DOI: 10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.117.003626.
  124. Johnson ER, Affuso O, Levitan EB, Carson TL, Baskin ML. Body image and dissatisfaction among rural Deep South African American women in a weight loss intervention. J Health Psychol. 2017;1359105317694489. DOI: 10.1177/1359105317694489.
  125. Levitan EB, Van Dyke MK, Loop MS, O’Beirne R, Safford MM. Barriers to beta-blocker use and up-titration among patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2017; 31(5), 559-564.
  126. Mefford MT, Rosenson RS, Cushman M, Farkouh ME, McClure LA, Wadley VG, Irvin MR, Bittner V, Safford MM, Somaratne R, Monda KL, Muntner P, Levitan EB. PCSK9 variants, LDL-cholesterol, and neurocognitive impairment: The REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. Circulation. 2018;137(12):1260-1269.
  127. Curtis JR, Yang S, Singh JA, Xie F, Chen L, Yun H, Muntner P, Kent ST, Levitan EB, Safford MM, Saag KG, Zhang J. Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Cardiovascular Risk Equivalent to Diabetes? Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2018; DOI: 10.1002/acr.23535.
  128. Singleton CR, Opoku-Agyeman W, Affuso E, Baskin ML, Levitan EB, Sen B, Affuso O. WIC cash value voucher redemption behavior in Jefferson County, Alabama, and its association with fruit and vegetable consumption. Am J Health Promot. 2018 Feb;32(2):325-333.
  129. Harrison TN, Hsu J-W Y, Rosenson RS, Levitan EB, Muntner P, Cheetham TC, Wei R, Scott RD, Reynolds K. Unmet Patient Need in Statin Intolerance: the Clinical Characteristics and Management. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther. 2018; DOI: 0.1007/s10557-018-6775-0.
  130. Donnelly JP, Lakkur S, Judd SE, Levitan EB, Griffin R, Howard G, Safford MM, Wang HE. Association of Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status With Risk of Infection and Sepsis. Clin Infect Dis. 2018; DOI: 10.1093/cid/cix1109.
  131. Loop MS, McClure LA, Levitan EB, Al-Hamdan MZ, Crosson WL, Safford MM. Fine particulate matter and incident coronary heart disease in the REGARDS cohort. Am Heart J. 2018;197:94-102.
  132. Xie F, Colantonio LD, Curtis JR, Kilgore ML, Levitan EB, Monda KL, Safford MM, Taylor B, Woodward M, Muntner P. Development of algorithms for identifying fatal cardiovascular disease in Medicare claims. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018; DOI: 10.1002/pds.4421.
  133. Sterling MR, Durant RW, Bryan J, Levitan EB, Brown TM, Khodneva Y, Glasser SP, Richman JS, Howard G, Cushman M, Safford MM. N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide and microsize myocardial infarction risk in the reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2018;18(1):66. DOI: 10.1186/s12872-018-0806-4.
  134. Goyal P, Loop M, Chen L, Brown TM, Durant RW, Safford MM, Levitan EB. Causes and Temporal Patterns of 30-day Readmission Among Older Adults Hospitalized with Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction and Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018;7(9). DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.117.007785.
  135. Huisingh C, Owsley C, Wadley VG, Levitan EB, Irvin MR, MacLennan P, McGwin G Jr. General cognitive impairment as a risk factor for motor vehicle collision involvement: a prospective population-based study. Geriatrics (Basel). 2018;3(1). DOI: 10.3390/geriatrics3010011.
  136. Huisingh C, Owsley C, Levitan EB, Irvin MR, MacLennan P and McGwin G. Distracted Driving and Risk of Crash or Near-crash Involvement among Older Drivers using Naturalistic Driving Data with a Case-crossover Study Design. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2018. DOI: 10.1093/gerona/gly119.
  137. Booth JN, Colantonio LD, Rosenson RS, Safford MM, Chen L, Kilgore ML, Brown TM, Taylor B, Dent R, Monda KL, Muntner P, Levitan EB. Healthcare Utilization and Statin Re-Initiation Among Medicare Beneficiaries With a History of Myocardial Infarction. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018;7. DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.117.008462.
  138. Mondesir FL, Carson AP, Durant RW, Lewis MW, Safford MM, Levitan EB. Association of functional and structural social support with medication adherence among individuals treated for coronary heart disease risk factors: Findings from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. PloS One. 2018;13:e0198578.
  139. Colantonio LD, Booth JN, Bress AP, Whelton PK, Shimbo D, Levitan EB, Howard G, Safford MM, Muntner P. 2017 ACC/AHA blood pressure treatment guideline recommendations and cardiovascular risk. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018;72:1187-1197.
  140. Xie F, Yun H, Levitan EB, Muntner P, Curtis JR. Tocilizumab and the risk for cardiovascular disease: a direct comparison among biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs for rheumatoid arthritis patients. Arthritis Care Res. 2018. DOI: 10.1002/acr.23737.
  141. Colantonio LD, Levitan EB, Yun H, Kilgore ML, Rhodes JD, Howard G, Safford MM, Muntner P. Use of Medicare Claims Data for the Identification of Myocardial Infarction: The Reasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study. Med Care. 2018;56(12):1051-1059.
  142. Wang HE, Donnelly JP, Yende S, Levitan EB, Shapiro NI, Dai Y, Zhao H, Heiss G, Odden M, Newman A, Safford M. Validation of the REGARDS Severe Sepsis Risk Score. J Clin Med. 2018 Dec 11;7(12). pii: E536. DOI: 10.3390/jcm7120536.
  143. Lo AX, Donnelly JP, Durant R, Collins SP, Levitan EB, Storrow AB, Bittner V.  A National Study of U.S. Emergency Departments: Racial Disparities in Hospitalizations for Heart Failure.  Am J Prev Med. 2018;55(5):S31-S39.
  144. Sterling MR, Jannat-Khah D, Bryan J, Banerjee S, McClure LA, Wadley VG, Unverzagt FW, Levitan EB, Goyal P, Peterson JC, Manly JJ, Levine DA, Safford MM. The Prevalence of Cognitive Impairment Among Adults with Incident Heart Failure: The REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study. J Card Fail. 2019 Feb;25(2):130-136.
  145. Loop MS, Van Dyke MK, Chen L, Safford MM, Kilgore ML, Brown TM, Durant RW, Levitan EB. Low utilization of beta blockers among Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. J Card Fail. 2019;25(5):343-351.
  146. Bress AP, Colantonio LD, Cooper R, Kramer H, Booth JN III, Odden MC, Bibbins-Domingo K, Shimbo D, Whelton PK, Levitan EB, Howard G, Bellows BK, Kleindorfer D, Safford MM, Muntner P, Moran AE. Potential cardiovascular disease events prevented with adoption of the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association blood pressure guideline. Circulation. 2019;139(1):24-36.
  147. Chen ML, Parikh NS, Merkler AE, Kleindorfer DO, Bhave PD, Levitan EB, Soliman EZ, Kamel H. Risk of Atrial Fibrillation in Black Versus White Medicare Beneficiaries With Implanted Cardiac Devices. J Am Heart Assoc. 2019;8(4):e010661. DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.118.010661.
  148. Wright NC, Melton ME, Sohail M, Herbey I, Davies S, Levitan EB, Saag KG, Ivankova NV. Race Plays a Role in the Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs of Women with Osteoporosis. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s40615-019-00569-w.
  149. Mefford MT, Sephel A, Van Dyke MK, Chen L, Durant RW, Brown TM, Fifolt M, Maya J, Goyal P, Safford MM, Levitan EB. Medication-taking Behaviors and Perceptions Among Adults with Heart Failure (From the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke [REGARDS] Study). Am J Cardiol. 2019;123(10):1667-1674.
  150. Lara KM, Levitan EB, Gutierrez OM, Shikany JM, Safford MM, Judd SE, Rosenson RS. Dietary Patterns and Incident Heart Failure in US Adults Without Known Coronary Disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019. 2019;73(16):2036-2045.
  151. Bailey LN, Levitan EB, Judd SE, Sterling MR, Goyal P, Cushman ME, Safford MM, Gutierrez OM. Association of urine albumin excretion with incident heart failure hospitalization in community-dwelling adults. JACC Heart Fail. 2019;7(5):394-401.
  152. Davis BH, Boehme AK, Pamboukian SV, Allon M, George JF, Dillon C, Kirklin JK, Tallaj J, Levitan EB, Griffin R, McGwin G Jr, Beasley TM, Limdi NA. Improvement in Kidney Function After Ventricular Assist Device Implantation and Its Influence on Thromboembolism, Hemorrhage, and Mortality. ASAIO J. 2019 Mar 13. doi: 10.1097/MAT.0000000000000989.
  153. Patel N, Gutiérrez OM, Arora G, Howard G, Howard VJ, Judd SE, Prabhu SD, Levitan EB, Cushman M, Arora P. Race-based demographic, anthropometric and clinical correlates of N-terminal-pro B-type natriuretic peptide. Int J Cardiol. 2019 Feb 21. pii: S0167-5273(18)36752-4. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.02.034.
  154. Almarzooq ZI, Colantonio LD, Okin PM, Richman JS, Brown TM, Levitan EB, Bryan J, Safford MM. Risk Factors for 'Microsize' versus usual Myocardial Infarctions in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study. Eur Heart J Qual Care Clin Outcomes. 2019 Mar 7. pii: qcz007. DOI: 10.1093/ehjqcco/qcz007.
  155. Mondesir FL, Kilgore ML, Shelley JP, Levitan EB, Huang L, Riggs KR, Pisu M, Li Y, Bronstein JM, Agne A, Cherrington AL. Medicaid Expansion and Hospitalization for Ambulatory Care–Sensitive Conditions Among Nonelderly Adults With Diabetes. J Ambul Care Manag. 2019;42(4):312-320.
  156. Yum B, Archambault A, Levitan EB, Dharamdasani T, Kneifati-Hayek J, Hanlon JT, Diaz I, Maurer MS, Lachs MS, Safford MM, Goyal P. Indications for β-Blocker Prescriptions in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2019;67(7):1461-1466.
  157. Patel N, Cushman M, Gutiérrez OM, Howard G, Safford MM, Muntner P, Durant RW, Prabhu SD, Arora G, Levitan EB, Arora P. Racial differences in the association of NT-proBNP with risk of incident heart failure in REGARDS. JCI Insight. 2019; 4;5. DOI: 10.1172/jci.insight.129979.
  158. Bittner V, Colantonio LD, Dai Y, Mefford M, Rosenson RS, Muntner P, Monda KL, Kilgore ML, Jaeger BC, Levitan EB. Association of Region and Hospital and Patient Characteristics With Use of High-Intensity Statins After Myocardial Infarction Among Medicare Beneficiaries. JAMA Cardiol. 2019. DOI: 10.1001/jamacardio.2019.2481